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OPSC Pre Exam Syllabus : Geography

Updated on: Apr 18, 2013
Section-A

Physical Georgraphy
I) Geomorphology : Origin Of The Earth; Interior Of The Earth; Types And Characteristics Of Rocks & Soils; Folding And Faulting; Volcanoes; Earthquakes; Landforms Caused By Fluvial, Aeolian And Glacial Actions.
II) Climatology : Structure And Composition Of Atmosphere; Temperature; Pressure Belts And Wind Systems; Clouds And Rainfall Types; Cyclones And Anti-Cyclones; Major Climatic Regions.
III) Oceanography : Ocean Relief; Temperature; Salinity; Ocean Deposits; Ocean Currents, Waves And Tides.
IV) Biogeography : Major Biomes Of The World; Ecosystem And Food Chain; Environmental Degradation And Conservation. Disaster Management.

Section-B

Human Geography
I) Man And Environment Relationship
Concepts Of Determinism And Possibilism. Major Cultural Realms Of The World.
II) Population
Races Of Mankind And Tribes; Growth And Distribution Of World Population; Migration; Population Problems Of Developed And Developing Countries.
III) Economic Activities Food Gathering And Hunting; Pastoral Herding; Fishing And Forestry; Types Of Agricultureshifting, Subsistence, Commercial And Plantation; Mining, Power; Manufacturing - Locational Factors Of Textile, Iron And Steel, Sugar And Fertilizer Industries; Trade, Transport, Communication And Services.
IV) Settlements Origin, Types And Patterns Of Rural And Urban Settlements; Processes Of Urbanisation; Morphology And Functional Classification Of Towns;

Section-C - Geography Of The World

I) Major Natural Regions : Characteristics, Economic Base And Human Adaptation.
II) Regional Geography Of Developed Countries : U.S.A., Japan, Australia
III) Regional Geography Of Developing Countries : China, Brazil And Egypt.

Section-D - Geography Of India

I) Physical Setting :
Landforms, Drainage, Climate, Soils And Natural Vegetation.
II) Economic Base : Minerals – Iron Ore, Bauxite, Limestone & Gypsum, Energy
Resources- Coal, Petroleum, Hydel Atomic, Aquatic Resources, Forest Resources;
Irrigation, Agriculture And Industries; (Textile, Iron & Steel, Paper And Fertilizer), Trade And Commerce.
III) Population : Growth, Distribution And Density; Demographic Characteristics.
IV) Environment & Development : Environmental Problems, Issues, Regional Development And Planning.

Section-E - Geographical Thought

I) Ancient Period : Contributions Of Indians, Greeks, Romans And Arabs.
II) Pre-Modern Period : Contribution Of Kant, Humboldt And Ritter.
III) Modern Period : Dichotomy Of Determinism And Possibilism; Contributions Of Ratzel, Huntington And La Blache.
IV) Recent Period : Quantitative Revolution; Radicalism, Behaviouralism And Humanism.

Section-F - Techniques Of Geographical Analysis

I) Maps : Scale And Types, Uses.
II) Diagrams : Types And Uses'
III) Projections : Types, Characteristics And Uses.
IV) Remote Sensing And Geographical Information System (GIS) : Aerial Photographs And Imagery, GIS.

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