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OPSC Main Exam Syllabus : Sanskrit

Updated on: Apr 18, 2013
Paper-I

There will be three questions as indicated in the question paper which must be answered in Sanskrit. The remaining questions must be answered either in Sanskrit or in the medium of examination opted by the candidate.

Section A

1. Significant features of the grammar, with particular stress on the following subjects : (to be answered in Sanskrit)
  • Samjna – It, Savarna, Ti, Upadha, Samhita, Vrddhi, Guna, Pratipadika, Sarvanama,
  • Sandhi - Ac, Hal, Visarga,
  • Karaka,
  • Samasa,
  • Vacyas – Kartari, Karmani and Bhave (voice usages)
2. Origin and development of Sanskrit language
  • Classification of Indo-European languages
  • Main characteristics of Vedic Sanskrit language.
  • Prominent features of Classical Sanskrit language.
  • Contribution of Sanskrit to linguistic studies.
3. General Knowledge of Literary History of Sanskrit and Principal trends of literary criticism.
  • History of Vedic Literature (Samhita, Brahmana, Aranyaka and Upanisads)
  • Ramayana, Mahabharata
  • The origin and development of literary genres of :
  • Mahakavya - Asvaghosa, Kalidasa, Bharavi, Magha, Sriharsa, Bhatti,
  • Rupaka (drama ) – Bhasa, Kalidasa, Bhavabhuti, Harsa, Visakhadatta, Sudraka, Bhattanarayana, Murari,
  • Katha – Dandin, Subandhu, Bana,
  • Akhyayika – Bana,
  • Campu – Nalacampu, Campuramayan,
  • Khandakavya – Meghaduta and Hamsaduta, Muktaka Kavya.
  • Kathasahitya (Fables and Fairytales) – Brhatkatha, Kathasaritsagara, Pancatantra, Hitopadesa, Vetalapancavimsati, Dvatrimsatputtalika
Section B

4. Essentials of Indian Culture with stress on
  • Purusarthasb
  • Samskarasc
  • Varnasramavyavastha<
  • Arts and fine arts
  • Technical sciences
  • Kautilya’s Arthsastra, Adhikarana-I, Prakarana-I, Adhyaya-II – Vidyasamuddesah - Anviksiki Sthapana; Prakarana-VII, Adhyaya-XI – Gudhapurusotpattih,
5. Trends of Indian Philosophy General outlines on
  •  Sankhya
  •  Yoga
  •  Nyaya
  •  Vaisesika
  •  Mimamsa
  •  Vedanta
  •  Carvaka
  •  Jaina
  •  Bauddha
6. Short Essay in Sanskrit (within 300 words)
7. Unseen passage with the questions, to be answered in Sanskrit.

Paper-II

Question from Group 5 is to be answered in Sanskrit only. Question from Groups 1, 2, 3 and 4 are to be answered either in Sanskrit or in the medium opted by the candidate.

Section A

General study of the following groups :-

Group 1

  • Raghuvamsam-Kalidasa
  • Kumarasambhavam-Kalidasa
  • Kiratarjuniyam-Bharavi
  • Sisupalavadham-Magha
  • Naisadhiyacaritam-Sriharsa
  • Kadambari-Banabhatta
  • Dasakumaracaritam –Dandin
  • Sivarajyodayam-S.B. Varnekar
Group 2
  • Isavasyopanisad
  • Kathopanisad-I Ch.-III, Valli-Verses 10 to 15
  • Bhagavadgita
  • Sundarakanda of Valmiki’s Ramayana
Group 3
  • Svapnavasavadattam- Bhasa
  • Abhijnanasakuntalam- Kalidasa
  • Mrcchakatikam-Sudraka
  • Mudraraksasam-Visakhadatta
  • Uttararamacaritam- Bhavabhuti
  • Ratnavali-Sriharsavardhana
  • Venisamharam- Bhattanarayana
Group 4
Short notes in Sanskrit on the following :-
  • Buddhacaritam – Asvaghos
  • Meghadutam-Kalidasa
  • Nitisatakam-Bhartrhari
  • Pancatantram- Visnusarma
  • Rajatarangini-Kalhana
  • Harsacaritam-Banabhatta
  • Amarukasatakam-Amaruka
  • Gitagovindam-Jayadeva
Group 5
General outlines on
  • Samkhyakarika,
  • Tarkasamgraha,
  • Vedantasara, Manusmrti
Section B

Questions from Groups 1 and 2 are to be answered in Sanskrit only. (Questions from Groups 3, 4 and 5 are to be answered in Sanskrit or in the medium opted by the candidate).

This Section will require first hand reading of the following selected texts :-

Group 1
  • Raghuvamsam-Canto I, Verses 1 to 10
  • Kumarasambhavam-Canto I, Verses 1 to 10
  • Kiratarjuniyam-Canto I, Verses 1 to 10
Group 2
  • Isavasyopanisad-Mantras-1, 2, 4, 6, 7, 15 and 18
  • Bhagavatgita II chapter -verses 13 to 25
  • Sundarakandam of Valmiki’s Ramayana, Canto 15, Verses 15 to 30 (Geeta Press Edition)
Group 3
  • Buddhacaritam – Canto-III (1 to 10 verses)
  • Meghadutam-Purvamegha -verses 1 to 10
  • Nitisatakam-Verses 1 to 10 (Edited by D.D. Kosambi (Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan Publication)
  • Kadambari-Sukanasopadesa (only)
Group 4
  • Svapnavasavadattam Act VI
  • Abhijnansakuntalam Act IV verses 15 to 30 (M.R. Kale Edition)
  • Uttararamacaritam Act 1 verses 31 to 47(M.R. Kale Edition)
Group 5
  • Samkhyakarika – Pancavimsatih tattvani,
  • Tarkasamgraha – Padarthanirupanam,
  • Vedantasara – Adhikarinirupanam,
  • Manusmrti-II – Aryavarta, Brahmavarta, Brahmacaridharmah.
General Note – (for both the papers) At least two questions should be answered in Sanskrit selecting one from each section. Devanagari script should be used for answering in Sanskrit.

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